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PO 498: Political Science Comp Exam 2022: Citation Styles

This guide provides resources for the Political Science Comp Exam.

APA (American Psychological Association)




Edgerly, S. (2017). Seeking out and avoiding the news media: Young adults' proposed strategies for obtaining current events information. Mass Communication & Society, 20(3), 358-377. doi:


Jex, S. M., & Britt, T. W. (2014). Organizational psychology: a scientist-practitioner approach. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.


Eckerd Library Resources

Resources around the web:

Chicago (Chicago Manual of Style)



Lowenthal, Patrick R., and Vanessa P. Dennen. "Social presence, identity, and online learning: research development and needs." Distance Education 38, no. 2 (2017): 137-140. 


Salinger, J. D. 2001. The Catcher in the Rye. Boston: Little, Brown, 2001.

MLA (Modern Language Association)



Gubar, Marah. "Risky Business: Talking about Children in Children’s Literature Criticism." Children's Literature Association Quarterly, no. 4, 2013, p. 450. 


McCracken, Tony. Apathy in Literature: A Discourse on Emotionless Characters and Concepts. Anchor Academic Publishing, 2014.

CSE (Council of Science Editors)



Ram AR, Terry JP. 2016. Stream turbidity responses to storm events in a pristine rainforest watershed on the coral coast of southern fiji. International Journal of Sediment Research. 31(4):279-290.


Sale P. 2002. Coral reef fishes: dynamics and diversity in a complex ecosystem. San Diego (CA): Academic Press.

Citation Examples

Citations may look different, depending on what is being cited and which style you are using for your paper. Regardless of the citation style, citations consist of standard elements to provide your audience with all the necessary information to find the original source. These elements include:

  • author name(s)
  • titles of books, articles, and journals
  • date of publication
  • page numbers
  • volume and issue numbers (for articles)
Below are citation examples of a scholarly article using the four main citation styles used at Eckerd.  
Author - Dominique Daniel
Article Title - Teaching Students How to Research the Past: Historians and Librarians in the Digital Age
Source Title - The History Teacher
Volume and issue - Volume 45, Issue 2
Publication Date - 2012
Page numbers - 261-282


American Psychological Association (APA):

Daniel, D. (2012). Teaching students how to research the past: Historians and librarians in the digital age. The History

Teacher, 45(2), 261-282.

Modern Language Association (MLA):

Daniel, D. "Teaching Students How to Research the Past: Historians and Librarians in the Digital Age." The History

Teacher, vol. 45, no. 2, 2012, pp. 261-82.

Chicago Manual of Style (CMOS):

Daniel, Dominique. "Teaching Students How to Research the Past: Historians and Librarians in the Digital Age." The

History Teacher 45, no. 2 (2012)261-282.

Council of Science Editors (CES):

Daniel, D. 2012. Teaching students how to research the past: Historians and librarians in the digital age. The History

Teacher. 45(2): 261-282.