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Citation Styles: Chicago

A guide to citation style resources for writing assignments.

Chicago (Chicago Manual of Style)



Lowenthal, Patrick R., and Vanessa P. Dennen. "Social presence, identity, and online learning: research development and needs." Distance Education 38, no. 2 (2017): 137-140. 


Salinger, J. D. 2001. The Catcher in the Rye. Boston: Little, Brown, 2001.

Different Chicago Styles

The Chicago Manual of Style offers two unique ways to format your paper: Author-Date or Notes-Bibliography. Before you begin work on your paper, you should determine which version of the Chicago Style you want to use. 

The Author-Date (AD) version allows for standard citations with a Reference page. 

The Notes-Bibliography (NB) system allows for footnote or endnote citations in addition to your bibliography. 

For sample papers of both styles, review the Chicago Online Guides tab. 

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