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AS 498: Ancient Studies Comprehensive Exam

Chicago (Chicago Manual of Style)



Lowenthal, Patrick R., and Vanessa P. Dennen. "Social presence, identity, and online learning: research development and needs." Distance Education 38, no. 2 (2017): 137-140. 


Salinger, J. D. 2001. The Catcher in the Rye. Boston: Little, Brown, 2001.

The Chicago Manual of Style offers two unique ways to format your paper: Author-Date or Notes-Bibliography. Before you begin work on your paper, you should determine which version of the Chicago Style you want to use. 

The Author-Date (AD) version allows for standard citations with a Reference page. 

The Notes-Bibliography (NB) system allows for footnote or endnote citations in addition to your bibliography. 

For sample papers of both styles, review the Chicago Online Guides tab. 

Citing a Text from Loeb Classical Library

According to the Frequently Asked Questions tab on the Loeb Classical Library webpage:

"A complete bibliographical reference is provided at the bottom of each Table of Contents, which can be accessed by clicking the LCL number located above each right-hand (recto, English) page. Because the page numbers and substantive content of the print and digital editions are identical, any volume in digital Library can be cited just like a printed book, or alternatively by its DOI (Digital Object Identifier), located in small print beneath the left-hand, Greek/Latin (verso) page."  Loeb Classical Library FAQ. Question 23.

Chicago Style: Example for a complete book.

Propertius. Elegies. Edited and translated by G. P. Goold. Loeb Classical Library 18. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1990.

Where to cite classical references:

Classical primary source references are ordinarily given in text or notes. They are included in a bibliography only when the reference is to information or annotation supplied by a modern author (see 14.26014.265).

The eighty days of inactivity reported by Thucydides (8.44.4) for the Peloponnesian fleet at Rhodes, terminating before the end of Thucydides’s winter (8.60.2–3), suggests . . .

The Library at Bates College has a detailed guide on special references and Chicago Style.

See also this Q and A page on classical references from the Chicago Manual of Style.