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Avoiding Plagiarism: Paraphrasing


What is Paraphrasing?

  • Paraphrasing is putting the author's ideas into your own words.

  • You MUST cite the original source, both in-text and in your references/works cited.

Paraphrasing is NOT:

  • Using a thesaurus to change words in a sentence or passage.
  • Rearranging words in a sentence or passage.

When to Paraphrase?

  • MOST of your research findings should be paraphrased.

  • Paraphrasing allows you to simplify or explain complex articles or passages.

  • Paraphrasing is the best way to share statistics and numerical data.

When you paraphrase, you show your professor that:

  • you understand the material.

  • you can synthesize information from a variety of sources.

  • you put time and effort into your research and writing.

How to Paraphrase

  1. Read the original material.
  2. Take notes IN YOUR OWN WORDS as you read.
  3. Use your notes to weave together ideas from different sources in your paper.

Example: Paraphrasing

From page 2 of the original source: Paraphrase
While gender roles and gender expression may depend heavily on social influences, there is building evidence that gender identity may have biological components, such as genetic or hormonal influences. Prenatal hormone exposure appears to have an influence on gender identity, although in ways we have yet to completely understand. If gender identity is in some part biologically based, then the line between sex and gender becomes even more complex.

Erickson-Schroth, L., & Davis, B. (2021). Gender: What everyone needs to know. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
Erikson-Schroth and Davis (2021) point out that the distinction between sex and gender is further obscured by emerging evidence that gender identity may be based on biological factors (p. 2).

An APA citation was included on the Reference List.